About the Project

Association “Pharos” is currently implementing the project “Fit for (business) life”.The target group is 40 male and female students who will enroll high school in 2023/2024 academic year, who come from socially disadvantaged families (50% are members of the Roma national minority). 
Duration of the Program is from 1st Jan. 2022 to 31st Dec. 2026 
Objectives of the Program 
- Participants have successfully completed secondary vocational education 
- Participants have the abilities to successfully overcome life challenges (life skills)   

Concept Foundations Skills and abilities for adaptive and positive behavior that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life is how WHO defined the term Life skills in 1994. WHO recommends that these skills be used as a basis for prevention and intervention programs. The meaning of the term Life skills (the skills for life) largely coincides with six central “protective factors”, that is, the key abilities that are acquired, which support the resilience of a person and “(...) which are to the greatest extent responsible for the development and preservation of mental and physical health” (Fröhlich-Gildoff 2019): 
1) Self-perception: I am able to perceive my feelings and thoughts in a differentiated and appropriate way, and to think about them in the same way. I am able to perceive moods, in myself and others, and to think about them as well. I can adequately perceive other people and position them in relation to my own self. 
2) Self-efficacy: I have confidence in my abilities and available resources. I carry within me the inner conviction that I can achieve a certain goal – even if there are certain obstacles standing in my way. I expect my actions to lead to results. If that happens, I attribute such success to my own abilities and I am proud of it. If this does not happen, I recognize unfavorable external factors and do not allow this to discourage me. 
3) Self-management/Self-regulation: I am able to react to various burdensome situations and to regulate my internal state with emotional flexibility so that I react in stronger or weaker way, as the need may be. I know what calms me down when I am upset and what/who can help me when that happens. 
4) Social skills: I can get into the state of another person, and perceive and express my own feelings and needs in a differentiated and appropriate way. I can ensure that my needs are met, but I always keep the needs of other people in mind. I have the courage to say “no”. 
5) Adaptive coping strategy/stress: I am able to assess a stressful situation and have appropriate coping strategies available. I know where/how to get proper support. 
6) Ability to solve problems: I am able to understand the problem that is arising. I know what I want to achieve and I am able to think about how to act at that moment. I act accordingly. I believe in myself that I can solve the problem, or that I will accept the situation when it is not possible to solve the problem.     


Program Phase 1 (2022/2023)  

The focus of Program Phase 1 is on the basic skill of self-perception, which the authors of the program consider a prerequisite for the development or strengthening of the other five key skills. Acquiring the ability of self-perception will be qualitatively evaluated by the external Islamic Faculty of Pedagogy in Zenica and Faculty of Pedagogy Zurich/Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich. The duration of this phase is from May 1, 2022 until June 30, 2023. The following specific skills and abilities will be developed and improved at four weekend workshops with a total of 10 teaching days and four individual counseling sessions led by Educators: Self-perception in relation to the BodySelf-perception in relation to EmotionsSelf-perception in relation to ThoughtsSelf-perception in relation to Internal Opinions/Beliefs   


Program Phase 2   

The key skill of self-efficacy is in the center of attention of Phase 2 of the Program. Self-regulation, social skills, adaptive coping strategies and problem-solving skills